Keep An Eye On Alzheimer’s Disease

by tianshan0774

The term dementia refers to a brain disorder that demonstrates itself in several ways. A person may easily become confused even in known settings, may ask questions repeatedly, or may neglect such basic things as their own hygiene or basic safety issues. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia linked with old age.

The disease is named after German Doctor Alois Alzheimer. In 1906, Doctor Alzheimer discovered differences in the brain tissue of a patient of his that died with unusual mental illnesses and dementia. His study directed him to find out anomalous clumps and tangles of fiber in the brains of those patients who were suffering from this same disease.

Thus, whilst it was common for persons who were older and losing their mental faculties to be dismissed as “senile,” Dr. Alzheimer was able to pinpoint the actual breakdown in the brain that led to the loss of their mental faculties.

According to the National Institute on Aging varied test conclusions, there are actual brain changes in persons with Alzheimer’s disease. They can find out how nerve cells die in areas of the brain that affect memory and basic abilities. It may seem strange, but everything that we do on a daily basis is because of memory.

We remember that we need to take a shower on a regular basis that we need to shut the door behind us when we exit the house. We don’t realize that we’re doing these things because of memory, and assume that they just happen naturally. But when those memories break down because of Alzheimer’s or any other mental disorder, even the most basic daily functions begin to be confusing or neglected.

Actually, the brain works by a series of connections between nerve endings, all of which are related. For example, the part of the brain that controls speech sends signals to the nerves that trigger the muscles and parts of the mouth when we want to talk. Certainly, all of our mental and physical functions work this way.

With Alzheimer’s disease, these nerve signals are disrupted or broken. If the brain cannot continue to make connections in the nerve cells that control memory, all the basic functions are disrupted. The brain can’t memorize that it just asked a question, so a person repeats it. They can’t remember their own children, so they are now strangers. Alzheimer’s can be a very frightening and debilitating disease for the patients and the families as well.


Pick Disease Causes Symptoms Information With Treatment

by tianshan0774

Pick’s Disease is the result of a build-up of protein in the affected areas of the brain. Pick’s disease is rare. It is more common in women than men. Pick disease occurs in a younger age group than dementia of the Alzheimer type. People with Pick’s disease tend to behave inappropriately in different social settings. The accumulation of abnormal brain cells, known as Pick’s bodies, eventually leads to changes in character, socially inappropriate behavior, and poor decision making, progressing to a severe impairment in intellect, memory and speech. The changes in behavior continue to get worse and are often one of the most disturbing symptoms of the disease. Behavior modification may help some people control unacceptable or dangerous behaviors. In some cases, cognitive function may be improved by stopping or changing medications that worsen confusion or that are not essential to the care of the person. This may include medications such as anticholinergics, analgesics , cimetidine, central nervous system depressants, and lidocaine. Medication to control behaviors that can be dangerous to oneself or others. Antidepressants known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may offer some relief from apathy and depression. Some patients may need hearing-aids, glasses, cataract surgery , or other treatments.

Causes of Pick Disease

Common Causes and Risk factors of Pick Disease

Longstanding high blood pressure.

Head trauma

High levels of homocysteine.

Female gender because women usually live longer than men.

Schizophrenialike thought disorder.

Signs and Symptoms of Pick Disease

Common Sign and Symptoms of Pick Disease

Lack of muscle coordination.

Brain degeneration.

learning problems.

Loss of muscle tone.

Increased sensitivity to touch.

Spasticity.

Feeding.

Swallowing difficulties.

Enlarged liver and spleen.

Treatment of Pick Disease

Common Treatment of Pick Disease

Behavior modification may help some people control unacceptable or dangerous behaviors.

Many different types of medications have been or are being tried in dementia. One group of drugs used in Alzheimer disease, the cholinesterase inhibitors.

Medication to control behaviors that can be dangerous to oneself or others. Antidepressants known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may offer some relief from apathy and depression.

Some patients may need hearing-aids, glasses, cataract surgery , or other treatments.

Anti-inflammatory drugs are being tried on the premise that inflammation is one cause of the brain damage in Pick disease.

Hormone replacement therapy has been given to some women who have been through menopause and have dementia.

Education and other forms of intellectual challenge may help protect people against the disease.

High sugar content foods may need to be restricted in some patients with carbohydrate craving, which may indicate Klver-Bucy syndrome.


How is 3D printing technology used in Architecture and Medicine

by tianshan0774

D printing technology is used to manufacture prototypes, tools, and end-user parts directly from a CAD design. This printing technology offers unprecedented flexibility as it can create a part of any dimension out of any material. Some of the 3d printing materials used include metals, polymers, ceramics, composites, and many more. The 3D printing technology has complete control over material composition, surface texture, and micro-structure of the prototype. 3D printing technology also allows the user to construct prototypes using two different materials. >

Lets take a look at this amazing technology and how it has affected the field of architecture and medicine:

3D printing for Architecture

Architects know that there is nothing like a physical model of a building when it comes to displaying their work or design concept. Physical models also play an important role when it comes to explaining and convincing the customer while selling a project.

3D printers are affordable and high quality solutions for architects. Building a physical model requires great deal of expertise, precision, and time. 3D printing machines help designers focus on their building design, while the devices make 3D models of the project.

Many architects are not tech-savvy and are not used to operating complex devices. 3D printers do not require human intervention at any stage of the printing process. Architects just need to need to draw a CAD diagram of the project and instruct the 3D printer to build a 3D model. The 3D printer can print the model within a few hours, which can then be presented to the client.

3D printers are capable of producing of 3D models with accuracy and speed without compromising on the finer details of the architectural project. The price of desktop 3D printing machines is not that high and independent architects can also afford them.

3D printing for Medicine

The application of 3D printing technology can also be found in the production of medical devices. There are different 3D printing materials available that can be used to build real parts. For example, manufacturing hearing aids is a complex process because they are custom-fit devices and cannot be mass produced. 3D printing greatly helps in such matters where medical devices need to custom-fit a patient.

The future of the 3D printing technology is very bright. Market experts state that 3D printing technology will be affordable to the masses by the next decade. The prices of 3D printing devices are falling rapidly, and it is believed that the prices of 3D printers will drop by as much as 80% in the next 5-10 years. It will not be a surprise to see 3D printing devices in each household just like refrigerators, washing machines, and televisions.


Naturopathic medicine

by tianshan0774

Naturopathic medicine has been described as “any of various systems of healing or treating disease (as chiropractic, homeopathy, or faith healing) not included in the traditional medical curricula taught in the United States and Britain”.

A major objection to naturopathic medicine is that it is done in place of conventional medical treatments. As long as naturopathic treatments are used alongside conventional treatments, the majority of medical doctors find most forms of complementary medicine acceptable.

Advocates of naturopathic medicine hold that naturopathic medicine may provide health benefits through patient empowerment, by offering more choices to the public, including treatments that are simply not available in conventional medicine.

Advocates of naturopathic medicine hold that the various naturopathic treatment methods are effective in treating a wide range of major and minor medical conditions, and contend that recently published research proves the effectiveness of specific naturopathic treatments.

Although advocates of naturopathic medicine acknowledge that the placebo effect may play a role in the benefits that some receive from naturopathic therapies, they point out that this does not diminish their validity. Researchers who judge treatments using the scientific method are concerned by this viewpoint, since it fails to address the possible inefficacy of naturopathic treatments.

If a naturopathic medical approach, initially regarded as untested, is subsequently shown to be safe and effective, it may then be adopted by conventional practitioners and no longer considered “naturopathic”.

It is advisable for patients to inform their medical doctor when they are using naturopathic medicine, because some naturopathic treatments may interact with orthodox medical treatments, and such potential conflicts should be explored in the interest of the patient. However, many conventional practitioners are biased or uninformed about naturopathics, and patients are often reluctant to share this information with their medical doctors since they fear it will hurt their doctor-patient relationship.

Most Americans who consult naturopathic providers would probably jump at the chance to consult a physician who is well trained in scientifically based medicine and who is also open-minded and knowledgeable about the body’s innate mechanisms of healing, the role of lifestyle factors in influencing health, and the appropriate uses of dietary supplements, herbs, and other forms of treatment, from osteopathic manipulation to Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine.

People want competent help in navigating the confusing maze of therapeutic options that are available today, especially in those cases in which conventional approaches are relatively ineffective or harmful.

Naturopathic medicine practices are often based in belief systems not derived from modern science. Naturopathic medicines may therefore incorporate spiritual, metaphysical, or religious underpinnings, untested practices, non-Western medical traditions, or newly developed approaches to healing.

The issue of naturopathic medicine interfering with conventional medical practices is minimized when it is turned to only after conventional treatments have been exhausted. Many patients feel that naturopathic medicine may help in coping with chronic illnesses for which conventional medicine offers no cure, only management. Over time, it has become more common for a patient’s own MD to suggest naturopathics when they cannot offer effective treatment.


Protect Against Serious Illnesses With Dread Disease Cover

by tianshan0774

Doctors and scientists the world over have made astounding medical and scientific discoveries in the last century. Despite our best efforts, however, there are still some medical conditions and diseases that have defeated us. Health nut or couch potato, each and every one of us is vulnerable to illnesses that cannot be cured with a few days in bed and an aspirin. Ensure that you have the financial protection you need against serious illnesses with dread disease cover.

There can be no doubt that medical science has made great advances. For example, in 1895 the German physicist W. C. Roentgen discovered the X-Ray, allowing doctors to see inside the human body without having to perform surgery. In 1921 Frederick Banting discovered insulin, giving millions of diabetes patients the ability to balance their blood sugar levels and lead a relatively normal life. Seven years later in 1928 a bacteriologist Alexander Fleming discovered the antibiotic agent called penicillin. The list does not end there. Consider the discovery of vaccinations, anaesthetics and even vitamins: all of these breakthroughs have given millions of us a chance to lead a healthy life. Despite these advances we do not live in a disease free world and there are many diseases that medical science simply cannot cure. This is why you need the financial protection of dread disease cover.

Dread disease cover, sometimes called chronic illness cover, was invented by South African heart surgeon Professor Chris Barnard. Dread disease cover provides a pay-out if you are ever diagnosed with a critical illness as listed in your policy document. These illnesses include cancer, organ transplants or heart attacks.

Your dread disease cover pay-out can be used to replace your income when you are ill or recuperating and cover any medical bills not paid by your health insurance.

Just as important as dread disease cover is disability insurance. Disability insurance will pay a portion of your income if you are ever permanently disabled and cannot work due to illness or injury.

Speak to a provider or broker about dread disease cover and disability insurance. Be sure to request quotes from a few providers and always remember the golden rule of applying for insurance: never withhold information from the insurance company as this could result in claims being reduced or rejected. Lastly, read your policy documentation carefully to make sure you understand all the terms and conditions, the illnesses and disabilities you are covered for and by how much.

While we cannot avoid serious illnesses and disabilities, we can ensure that we have the financial protection we need with dread disease cover and disability insurance.


A Rewarding Internal Medicine Career

by tianshan0774

This type of physician must be knowledgeable in different areas, as well as care for patients from adolescence to the very elderly. Below, we will look at the qualifications necessary to become an internal medicine doctor, as well as the type of patients they might encounter.

Internists are trained in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer, infectious diseases, digestive disorders, kidney function and much more. These doctors may also train in subspecialties such as, geriatric medicine, pulmonary diseases, sports medicine and hematology just to name a few. Internal medicine doctors may consult with specialists about the referral of their patients. Internists do not usually do surgeries, however, may do minor in office procedures such as removal of moles or administer tests. Internists get to know their patients well, and may counsel them about lifestyle choices and diet. It is the job of the internal medicine doctor, to help their patients manage illnesses and conditions with diet and medication, in a non-invasive way.

What does it take to become an internal medicine doctor? As with any physician, the internist must obtain a bachelor’s degree, and attend a four year medical school to become an MD. After graduating from an accredited medical school, the internist must complete graduate medical education, which includes a one year internship, plus 3 years of residency training. All internists must be able to pass the examinations required by their state and all medical licensing examinations. Internists are most often required to be board certified, which is another examination that is oral and written.

A career in internal medicine has many advantages. Many internists like the personal side of their job, getting to know their patient’s personally and making a difference in their lives. These physicians teach their patient’s how to manage their care over time, and that is extremely rewarding. Also, malpractice insurance is relatively low, since an internist does not perform surgeries. Other specialties, have a much higher liability, due to the nature of their work. An internal medicine doctor does have a very busy schedule, he must manage patient’s in the office 5 days a week, as well as make rounds at the hospital for his patient’s that have been admitted. Most internal medicine doctors want to check up on their own patient’s even if they have been admitted by another physician or specialist. It is all part of the personal relationship they have with their patients. An internist makes a substantial yearly salary. The average salary in 2008 for an internal medicine physician was $200,000.00 a year.

A career in the field of internal medicine is very rewarding. These physicians get involved with their patient’s care and help them make good lifestyle choices, or manage long term illnesses. They treat adolescents, as well as the elderly. If you want to make a difference in peoples lives, a career in internal medicine may be for you.


Choosing The Right Allergy Medicine For Your Dog

by tianshan0774

Your dog can suffer just as much as you do from allergies. One look at your puppy’s runny eyes, red ears and flaky skin can let you know there’s a problem it’s important to have a veterinarian examine your dog to rule out thyroid disease or other types of problems; but often allergens are the culprit.

Allergy medicine for your dog is available. There are to two major types: corticosteroids and antihistamines. A look at each of the types will give an overview of the benefits and drawbacks of these treatments. There also are other, non-medicinal ways to reduce your pet’s allergy suffering.

Corticosteroids

Prednisone is one commonly used corticosteroid for dogs. This type of allergy medicine for your dog works well and fast. However, there are a number of side effects, some of which are mild but others that are potentially lethal. Corticosteroids can possibly suppress your dog’s immune system. Short-term use of this allergy medicine for your dog is okay but long-term use should be avoided. Give these drugs in as low of a dose as possible.

Antihistamines

Antihistamines are a much safer allergy medicine for your dog than corticosteroids. But it may take a while to find the most effective type for your dog. Also, antihistamines will probably have to be administered to your dog several times a day. Giving pills to your dog is not fun, and doing it three times a day can become a real chore. Antihistamines can also make your dog drowsy and may not work for all dogs, and some experts say antihistamines only work in 20-30% of dogs.

Non-medicinal treatments

Supplementing the allergy medicine for your dog that you decide on with non-medicinal treatment has shown benefits. Often, changing your dog’s diet can help as your dog could have a food allergy but this is hard for veterinarians to diagnose. The best way to figure out what’s irritating your dog is by process of elimination. Switching to a high-quality, all-natural dog food could be what is needed.

Bathing you dog frequently can also help supplement an allergy medicine for your dog. Use a shampoo with all-natural ingredients, like oatmeal and aloe vera. A bath can help soothe your pet’s irritated skin and cut down on the amount of medicine your dog needs.

Helping your dog fight his allergies can improve his quality of life. Finding the right allergy medicine for your dog, whether it’s antihistamines or corticosteroids, is important. The right medicine along with non-medicinal supplemental treatment can aid your dog tremendously.


Degenerative Disc Disease And Treatment

by tianshan0774

Nearly all parts of your body show signs of wear and tear as you age. Your spine is no different. However, even though the vertebra shows signs and symptoms of age in everybody, not everyone suffers from degenerative disc disease.

The spine consists of the vertebra and intervertebral discs. Degenerative disc disease attacks the discs in the spine. The term Degenerative Disc Disease is misleading because this is not a disease. Rather, it is a condition where age, strain and minor injuries add up to damage the intervertebral discs in the spine. Over the course of time, continuous strain leads to a degeneration of the discs.

What happens in the degenerative disc disease?
Your spine is made up of a number of vertebrae. There are discs in between the vertebra. The function of these discs is to cushion the vertebra, absorb shock and keep the spine flexible somewhat similar to the role of shock absorbers in a car.

When the intervertebral discs begin to get damaged, tiny scar tissues form over the torn or damaged ligaments. These are not as strong as the normal ligaments present in the discs. Further injury tears the scar tissue. Ultimately the pulp inside the disc loses water and it becomes stiff and the disc collapses. When this happens, bone spurs may start growing around the disc spaces. This is the bodys natural defense response as it tries to reduce the friction between the bones of the vertebra. However, these spurs can cause excruciating pain if they grow inwards and start to press against the nerves in the spinal cord. This condition is known as spinal stenosis.

The most common symptom of a degenerative disc is acute back pain. This pain is caused due to two factors: instability of movement and inflammation of the degenerated discs. So, any treatment of the degenerative disc has to target both the instability as well as the inflammation. Generally, doctors advise a combination of treatments since passive treatments have little effect on their own.

Passive treatments of degenerative discs include:
– Medication for the pain
– Chiropractic manipulation
– Massage
– Epidural injections
– Ultrasound treatments (to warm the area to bring pain relief)

In addition to these, doctors also advise acupuncture, cold or hot compress and behavioral therapy. Active treatments of degenerative disc include weight loss, exercises and proper ergonomics (proper lifting techniques, proper furniture and proper posture).

If patients experience chronic pain in spite of these treatment methods, doctors recommend:
– Surgical intervention, or
– Artificial disc replacement

Surgery becomes unavoidable if patients suffer from back pain, leg pain, stiffness and numbness in the back and if there is difficulty in walking. There are a number of surgical treatments, and the doctor decides on the appropriate treatment methods based on the severity of the problem.


Complete Information On Fabry Disease

by tianshan0774

Fabry disease is a X-dependent disease lysosomal recessive of storage. Fabry disease is caused by the lack of or the necessary defective enzyme to metabolize of the lipids, large-like the substances which include oils, waxes, and acids fatty. Fabry disease occurs in the whole world among all the ethnic groups. Fabry disease can carry out to one shortened duration due to the decreased kidney and the disease functions. Fabry of heart occurs in all the ethnic groups. Fabry disease is estimated it that a person in 40.000 the disease. This disorder also occurs in the females, although less commonly.

Some women who carry the genetic change can have symptoms of the disease. Some of the most common pathological symptoms include lesions of skin, and an extreme pain of the ends. The extreme feelings becomes worse with the exercise and heat survive and of small, increased defects reddish-crimsons on the skin. Some boys will also have demonstrations of eye, particularly opacity of the cornea. The complications of kidney are a common and serious effect of the disease; the renal insufficiency and the renal failure can worsen during all the life. Cardiac complications occur when Gb3 accumulates in various cells of heart.

The effects connected by heart worsen with the age and can carry out to the greatest risk of cardiac disorder. Fabry’s disease can also have the ocular participation, such as the presence of the corneal verticillata in the basic layers of the epithelium, aneurisms conjunctival, and the cataracts of spokelike. Replacement of enzymes can be effective by slowing down the progression of the disease. The gastro-intestinal hyperactivity can be treated with the metoclopramide. Some individuals can need the transplantation of dialysis or kidney. A mode of renal is recommended for patients presenting the proteinuria and the renal failure.

The therapy of replacement of enzymes can be carried out in the patient at the house by the patients themselves.


How To Treat Kidney Problem With Chinese Medicine

by tianshan0774

The active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine can play the following effects in treating Kidney Diseases.

First, enlarging blood vessels. In the treating process, Micro-Chinese Medicine can start from the origin to enlarge blood vessels, expand renal artery at all levels, improve local microcirculation; meanwhile, it can expand blood vessels of the body and increase systemic blood flow to improve the condition of renal ischemia and hypoxia; it can also improve microcirculation of digestive system to relieving mucosal edema of the digestive tract caused by kidney disease and promote secretion of digestive juice to increase appetite.

Second, anti-inflammatory effect.

When a variety of pathological damages cause partial microcirculation of damaged kidney and promote renal ischemia, hypoxia, the endothelial cells of the kidney will be damaged so that they will attract the inflammatory cells of blood circulation, resulting in renal inflammatory response, which initiates the process of renal fibrosis. Once renal fibrosis starts, it will release a series of induced toxicity factors to damage the kidney, thus making the phenotype of renal cells changed.

Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy can grasp the source of renal fibrosis. By preventing various risk factors from damaging inherent renal cells and inactivating the activity of inflammatory cells, it can block the infiltration and release of inflammatory cells and thereby hold back the process of renal fibrosis.

Third, anticoagulant effect. As is known, in the beginning of renal fibrosis, a variety of primary or secondary injury will result in the damage of functional renal units and then endothelial cells. Endothelial cells have anticoagulant and antithrombotic effects so damaged endothelial cells will result in decreased anticoagulant activity and promote aggregation and adhesion of platelet and leukocyte, leading to micro-thrombosis. The active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine have antithrombotic effects so that it can repair the endothelial cells and prevent the process of renal fibrosis.

Fourth, degradation. At the late stage of renal fibrosis, it can cause a large number of extracellular matrix deposition, thereby replacing the normal renal units, resulting in end-stage Renal Failure or Uremia. The active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine can eliminate the obstacles to the synthesis of thrombin and recover its function of synthesis to speed up the degradation of extracellular matrix, thus blocking a large number of extracellular matrix accumulation.

From above, we can see that traditional Chinese medicine can treat Kidney Diseases effectively. Chinese medicine opens up a broad prospect in treating Kidney Diseases.